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End-Stage Renal Disease

About End-Stage Renal Disease

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the most feared consequence of kidney disease. ESRD results when kidney function has deteriorated and is no longer adequate to sustain life, and renal replacement therapy -- dialysis or transplantation -- becomes necessary to maintain life. Conditions that may lead to ESRD include hypertension, diabetes, and fluid in the kidneys. Efforts should be directed at improving quality of life, providing patient education, and preventing progression to ESRD.